Osteoarthritis - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and is also called degenerative joint disease. In this kind of arthritis, the cartilage that covers the ends of the bones that link on the joint wears away, subjecting the bone and causing pain. This condition may also include a decrease in the amount of joint fluid, called synovial fluid, that cushions the joint, as well as changes in the ligaments and muscles that stabilize the joint.
What is Primary Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis in its primary stage does not have any directly identifiable cause but is often posited as one of those diseases associated with aging. Scientific research indicates that chances for osteoarthritis become higher as you age range. This is because as one age range, water accumulates in the joints thus affecting cartilage protein structure. As a result, cartilages in important joints degenerate until eventually they become brittle and breakdown.
Osteoarthritis - Cause
Excess weight puts extra strain on the joints, particularly the large weight-bearing joints, such as the knees, hips, and balls of the feet. Experts estimate that every 1 lb (0.5 kg) of body weight means at least 3 lb (1.4 kg) of stress at the knee joint, and even more at the hip joint. Research has revealed that weight loss can decrease the symptoms of knee osteoarthritis or the chances of developing those symptoms.
Osteoarthritis is caused by two main reasons: 1) Trauma to the joints and/or 2) a predominantly alkaline body. If you were to sustain a trauma to a given joint which body part sustained misalignment and also damage; eventually that joint will wear out if specific measures are not taken.
8 Foods You Should Never Eat If You Have Joint Pain
Joint pain causes great discomfort, aches, and inflammation, and might vary from mild to severe, acute or chronic. The main causes of joint pain are injuries, gout ...
Associated diseases: the presence of other linked diseases, infections, diabetes, and various other forms of circulating arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis or gout
Genetics: having a genealogy of osteoarthritis or perhaps congenital defects of joints, spine, or even leg abnormalities
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Joint pain in rainy weather.
Deep aching joint pain that gets even worse after exercise or putting weight onto it and is relieved simply by rest
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Bony Enlargements and Osteophyte Formation
Crepitus (crackling, mincing noise with movement)
Joint Effusion (Swelling)
- Osteoarthritis is often able to be diagnosed by its characteristic symptoms of pain, decreased movement and/or disability.
- Osteoarthritis can be confirmed with an x-ray.
- Common x-ray findings include narrowing of the joint space in between bones, a loss of normal cartilage and also bone spurs or bone tissue growths.
Blood tests may be used in order to exclude other possible conditions but they can't diagnose osteoarthritis.
Treatment for Osteoarthritis
Acetaminophen (Tylenol): has been shown to be as effective as nonsteroidal medication for the pain of knee osteoarthritis. Persons should keep their dose of acetaminophen to be able to under 2000 milligrams a day as higher doses could cause kidney disease.
Although there is little evidence for the effectiveness of complementary therapies in treating osteoarthritis, 60 percent of people with all forms of arthritis manipulate or are using one type or another. If you have severe side-effects as a result of medication, you may find acupuncture or reflexology helpful in relieving soreness.