Osteoarthritis - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and is also known as degenerative joint disease. In this form of arthritis, the cartilage that covers the ends of the bones that link on the joint wears away, exposing the bone and causing pain. This condition may also include a decrease in the amount of joint fluid, called synovial fluid, that cushions the joint, as well as changes in the ligaments and muscles that strengthen the joint.
What is Primary Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis in its primary stage doesn't have directly identifiable cause but is often posited as one of those diseases associated with aging. Scientific research suggests that chances for osteoarthritis become higher together age range. This is because as one age range, water accumulates in the joints thus affecting cartilage protein structure. As a result, cartilages in joint parts degenerate until at some point they become brittle and breakdown.
Osteoarthritis - Cause
Excess weight puts extra strain on the joints, particularly the large weight-bearing joints, such as the knees, hips, and balls of the feet. Experts estimate that every 1 lb (0.5 kg) of body weight means at least 3 lb (1.4 kg) of stress on the knee joint, and even more at the hip joint. Studies show that weight loss can decrease the symptoms of leg osteoarthritis or the chances of developing those symptoms.
Osteoarthritis is caused by two main reasons: 1) Trauma to the joints and/or 2) a predominantly alkaline body chemistry. If you were to support a trauma to a given joint which physique part sustained misalignment and damage; eventually that joint will wear out if specific measures are not taken.
Associated diseases: the presence of other connected diseases, infections, diabetes, and various other types of circulating arthritis, such as rheumatoid osteoarthritis or gout
Genetics: having a genealogy and family history of osteoarthritis or even congenital defects of joint parts, spine, or even leg abnormalities
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Bony Enlargements and Osteophyte Formation
Crepitus (crackling, grinding noise with movement)
Joint Effusion (Swelling)
- Osteoarthritis is often able to be diagnosed by its characteristic symptoms of pain, decreased movement and/or deformity.
- Osteoarthritis can be confirmed with an x-ray.
- Common x-ray findings include narrowing of the joint space among bones, a loss of cartilage material as well as bone spurs or bone tissue growths.
Blood tests may be used to exclude other feasible problems but they cannot diagnose osteoarthritis.
Treatment for Osteoarthritis
Acetaminophen (Tylenol): has been shown to be as effective as nonsteroidal medication for the pain of knee osteoarthritis. People should keep their dose of acetaminophen to under 2000 mg a day as higher doses could cause kidney disease.
Although there is little evidence for the effectiveness of complementary therapies for osteoarthritis, 60 percent of people with all forms of arthritis have used or are using one type or another. If you have severe side-effects as a result of medicine, many times acupuncture or reflexology helpful in relieving pain.